The Land Use and Landscape Dynamics of Syncrude's Mildred Lake Bitumen Mine

This project examined changes in landscape composition and performance of ecological indicators during the pre-industrial era (prior to 1975), the mine construction phase (1975 top 2025), the mine closure phase (2025 to 2100) and the post-closure era (after 2100). Ecological indicators included landscape composition, forest age class structure and utility function of caribou, fisher, black bear, moose and index of native fish.